Seed Swaps


Beta vulgaris var. cicla

Chard is part of the Beta (Beet) genus and its scientific name is Beta vulgaris var. cicla. The vulgaris part of this plant's botanical name means 'common'.

Sow like a beet, eat like a spinach. Biennial member of the beet family, with tender spinach-like leaves. Never bolts all summer.

This variety typically produces fruit in the following colours:   Cherry and   Electric yellow. The leaves of this particular variety normally show as   Forest green (traditional) and   UP Forest green

Chard grows as an annual and is a flowering edible vegetable / ornamental. Being an annual plant, it tends to grow best over the course of a single year.

Chard is known for its erect habit and growing to a height of approximately 45.0 cm (1.46 feet). Expect blooming and harvesting to occur all year round.

Popular varieties of Chard with home gardeners are Bright Lights, Rainbow, Fordhook Giant, Rhubarb Chard and Ruby Red.

This plant tends to need a moderate amount of maintenance, so ensuring that you are aware of the soil, sun, ph and water requirements for Chard is quite important to ensure you have a happy and healthy plant.

This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Chard have been kindly provided by our members.

How to grow Chard

  • Full Sun

  • Medium

Plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water moderately. As a rough idea of the types of climates Chard does best in, check to see if your local area is within USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 11. Chard requires a loamy and clay soil with a ph of 6.1 - 7.5 - it grows best in weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Chard is thought of as very hardy, so this plant will tend to survive through freezing conditions.

See our list of companion Plants for Chard to see which plants you should plant in close proximity to encourage growth.

Growing Chard from seed

Germinates easily and can be sown direct. Thin to alow the plants room to grow. Sow again in three or four weeks time to give a succession of stems

Try to aim for a seed spacing of at least 0.39 inches (1.0 cm) and sow at a depth of around 0.39 inches (1.0 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 10°C / 50°F to ensure good germination.

Transplanting Chard

Pretty enough to be grown in the flower garden.

Ensure that temperatures are mild and all chance of frost has passed before planting out, as Chard is a very hardy plant.

Harvesting Chard

Pull young leaves and stems, but hardy and is left in the ground through the winter

Seed Saving Chard

Seed viability is four years.

How long does Chard take to grow?

These estimates for how long Chard takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Start logging and journaling your observations to participate!

Days to Germination How long does it take Chard to germinate?
9 days

Average 9 days | Min 1 days | Max 27 days (489)

Days to Transplant How long until I can plant out Chard?
+ 28 days

Average 28 days | Min 1 days | Max 78 days (101)

Days to Maturity How long until Chard is ready for harvest / bloom?
+ 82 days

Average 82 days | Min 6 days | Max 239 days (233)

Total Growing Days How long does it take to grow Chard?
= 119 days

Chard Etymology

The botanical epithet is from the Latin vulgaris meaning “common”

Other names for Chard

Swiss Chard, Perpetual Spinach, Silver beet, Mangold, Leaf beet, Silverbeet

Misspellings: silverbeat, Spinach, Bettes suisses

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